Engineering is a vast field with numerous career opportunities. For aspiring engineers, there is an extensive list of specializations for different types of engineers that they can choose from when studying engineering. A practicing engineer, too can super-specialize in a particular field and work on highly-specialized projects.
Here is a list of engineer jobs who are in high demand:
Table of Contents
Types of Engineers in architecture & construction
Survey engineers collect and analyze data about the site that is chosen for the construction project. They determine whether the land or water body is ideal for the build or not. They help engineers decide where to put the foundation and how to ensure stability in the build.
Architectural engineers use engineering and architectural principles to build residential and commercial properties. Their work involves developing safe, comfortable and eco-friendly buildings for cities and rural areas.
Civil engineers design, build and maintain public works like roads, dams, bridges, pipelines etc. They also renovate naturally-occurring roads, brides etc. to make them safer to use and compliant with the current norms.
Materials engineers create new materials which can be used in engineering and architecture projects. Their job is to create cutting-edge, sustainable and economical materials.
Structural design engineers
Structural design engineers plan, design and put together the structure that holds the entire construction together. They are in charge of designing the framework and foundation for construction projects.
General contractors and construction managers
Both general contractors and construction managers are responsible for the successful and timely completion of construction projects. They source the resources, hire the third-parties and manage deadlines.
Electrical engineers design, build and maintain various electrical equipment used in residential, commercial and industrial buildings.
Engineers in other engineering disciplines
Mechanical engineers are responsible for the design and development of mechanical systems i.e. any system that works on machines. They are also in charge of repairing mechanical systems if they go faulty.
Industrial engineers design and build technology and processes that are easy-to-use in industries and which can reduce wastefulness and increase productivity in organizations.
The engineers do a vast variety of tasks that involve everything from transporting chemicals to transforming them. They design ways to collect/mine and transport chemicals, store chemicals safely, use chemicals to create new formulations and find ways to use chemicals in clothing, food, pharmaceuticals etc.
Petroleum engineers are responsible for designing technologies and processes that allow companies to harness hydrocarbons in the earth, transport & store them safely and use them in energy generation.
Biomedical engineers combine engineering principles and technologies to healthcare and medicine. They design, develop and repair artificial organs, medical devices and prosthetics.
Aerospace engineers design and build a variety of aeronautical equipment and crafts needed for space research and space travel, including rockets, satellites, missiles and more.
Geological engineers study geological elements like the earth’s core, soil, rock beds, water tables, sea beds, volcanoes etc. and identify any problems that may occur in geological elements.
They work with construction/architectural engineers to help them plan for builds in regions prone to geological problems. These engineers also consult with mining companies, helping them find the best areas to mine for specific materials.
Environmental & sustainability engineers
Environmental & sustainability engineers use a combination of chemistry, engineering and biology to develop eco-friendly engineering solutions that use limited resources and leave a small carbon footprint.
Nuclear engineers specialize in nuclear physics. They are responsible for designing atomic and sub-atomic processes that can be used to generate and harness nuclear energy safely. They also design, build and repair nuclear reactors, nuclear plants and nuclear weapons.
Computer engineers design, build, test and repair computer hardware & software components, that can improve the functionality of the computing system. Their domain is sub-divided into specialists who work other devices that use computing power, such as laptops, mobiles, supercomputers, smart watches, smart technology etc. These days, computer engineers specialize in development of technology like AI, ML and VR.
Agricultural types of engineers specialize in applying engineering principles to the design, construction and implementation of state-of-the-art practices and processes to the fields of farming, food processing and animal husbandry.
An amalgamation of electrical and mechanical engineers and robotics engineers design and build robotic systems that add value to human life.
Systems engineers specialize in designing, implementing and maintaining the various systems – computing, mechanical, electrical, chemical, managerial etc. – used in companies.
Marine engineers design and build a variety of marine/maritime equipment and vessels like boats, ships, steamers. They also consult with governments to develop sustainable marine solutions/constructions that can protect sea life.
Nanotechnology engineers design and build nanotech parts and equipment that can be used in manufacturing, healthcare etc.
A metallurgical engineer works with a variety of metals. He/she designs processes to source, refine, blend and use them for numerous requirements.
Ceramic types of engineers work with non-metal materials to develop products that can be used in manufacturing, computer hardware etc.
Photonics engineers work with light and optical components. They design, develop and repair medical equipment, lasers and a host of other optical machinery which can be used in numerous industries.
Manufacturing types of engineers specialize in the design and development of tools, technologies, equipment, robots, and assembly lines that make manufacturing processes more efficient.
Why different types of engineer needs to consider professional liability insurance
As an engineer, you will be working closely with residential, commercial, industrial and governmental clients. While you may promise a particular outcome, factors that are beyond your control may change the final result of your service.
In such instances, clients may sue you and claim damages due to your service. Such a claim can be debilitating to your business.
The Professional Liability Insurance for Engineers & Architects is designed to protect you from any such claims of errors, omissions, or negligence. The insurance protects you and your engineering business and indemnifies you against losses.